Uti in children

What are urinary tract infections in children? How to prevent and to treat it?

How to Treat UTIs in Toddlers?

Even though most adults will recover easily enough from UTIs, a urinary tract infection in toddler can be life threatening.  In fact, even after a toddler recovers from a UTI, it is very important to find out the extent of renal scarring.  Unfortunately, even speedy diagnosis and rapid treatment with antibiotics will not prevent damage that will last for a life time.  In severe cases, a single UTI in a toddler may even lead to complete kidney failure.

Treatment Types During a UTI Infection

urinary tract infections toddler

Wet diapers may stimulate  developing of uti in toddlers

Overall, most UTIs in toddlers will be treated with antibiotics.  Depending on how quickly the infection is discovered, antibiotics may be given right at home. Unfortunately, if your child is not yet potty trained, finding out about UTIs may be harder, since the child may not be able to tell you about bladder symptoms. In addition, wet diapers will always serve as a breeding ground for bacteria.

In the article What Are The Signs of UTI In Children? there are listed most common symptoms of urinary infections in children and toddlers.

If the child is vomiting, or has a fever, hospitalization may also be necessary.  Aside from using injectable antibiotics, toddlers may also receive hydration or other IV medications in order to manage other aspects of patient care.

Post Infect Follow Up and Treatment

Once toddlers finish taking antibiotics, it may still be a few weeks before these medications clear out of their system.  Therefore, doctors will usually wait to perform imaging studies and other tests to check for renal scarring.   According to a study published by the Paediatric Shared Care Programme, approximately 2.5 out of 1000 children will suffer from UTI during their first years of life.  Of those children, 3 – 12% will wind up on dialysis during early adulthood, and may wind up needing a kidney transplant.

A Note About UTI Prevention in Toddlers

As parents struggle to do the best for their children, it should come as no surprise that they will look to all kinds of antibacterial products in order to avoid contamination as much as possible.  On the other hand, it is also very important to realize that far too many bacteria that cause UTIs have developed antibiotic resistance. While an adult will survive a few days wait while urine is cultured, the case is very different for toddlers.  Therefore, if you want to do as much as you can to protect your children from UTIs and other diseases, teaching proper washing methods with regular soap and water represents your best bet.

No matter how hard you try, your child may still come in contact with bacteria that will lead to a UTI.  While modern medicine can do many things to treat the initial infection, extensive follow up care may be required.  Therefore, when it comes to finding ways to prevent urinary tract infection in toddler, looking to improved hygiene will always be important.

Photo by Yeshe

What Are The Signs of UTI In Children?

Unfortunately, dealing with a UTI in children is not a rare case. Urinary tract infections are pretty common in children of all ages, starting with infants and up. Even though a UTI has pretty distinct symptoms, identifying them in children may be highly problematic. Still, parents should be aware of those symptoms and provide their kids with timely medical examination and assistance to treat the infection. So, let us take a look at some of these UTI signs.

 1. Pain during urination

This is a common UTI sign both for adults and kids of all ages. It can be easily recognizable in older kids, who complain about such pains and burning sensations during urination. However, this symptom is hard to discern in younger kids, such as toddlers or infants. Still, crying or fussiness during urination should alarm you of possible UTI in your baby or toddler.

2. Change of look and smell of urine

Multiplying in the urinary tract, bacteria may cause the change in smell and look of urine. This is an easy to discern signs of UTI in children. The urine may turn cloudy and change its color. It may also gain foul and highly repelling smell. All such changes should alarm parents and the urine should be examined for UTI signs.

3. Frequent urination

This is another easy to discern UTI symptom in children. If you notice more frequent urination in your baby or toddler, you may suspect dealing with a UTI. This can be easily noticed by the frequency of diaper change required for your baby. Again, take your baby for medical examination and timely UTI treatment to avoid any possible complications.

4. Pain in the lower part of the tummy

This might be another UTI symptom, hard to discover in younger children. However, older kids may complain about having pains in the lower part of their tummy. These pains may be experienced both during urination and at any other times.

5. High temperature

As any infection, UTI can cause fever. As a rule, such fever would not be accompanied by any other symptoms. Neither will you see any ARD symptoms, such as sneezing, coughing, sore throat, etc. Such accounted for fever should alarm you of possible urinary tract infection in your child.

6. Constant urge for urination

This is a UTI symptom, which can be noticed in older children. They may be urged to urinate often, but right after they urinate, they may feel a new and strong urination urge. At this, only little or no urine is discharged.

These 6 signs of UTI in children are the most common ones and should be well known to parents. This way, you can timely and easily suspect a UTI in your child and get the right treatment for it to avoid complications.

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