UTI

What is UTI? What causes UTI and how to prevent it? Learn the answers to most common questions about urinary tract infections

Treating a Yeast Infection in Urinary Tract – Strategies to Follow

There is no question that a yeast infection in urinary tract can be just as uncomfortable as one that develops in the vagina or on the penis. Unfortunately, if yeast bacteria colonize the bladder and urethra, they may also travel to the kidneys and cause even more damage. Even if you usually treat yeast infections in other organs using home remedies, it is very important to get antibiotics from your doctor if you suspect that you have a yeast infection in urinary tract.

Candida UTI – How to Detect That you Suffer from Candida

Personal Hygiene and Urinary Tract Yeast Infections

If you have ever suffered from a vaginal or penile yeast infection, then you already realize that proper hygiene is essential for good urogenital health.  Unfortunately, when trying to avoid a yeast infection in the urinary tract, many people forget that patting the urethra dry instead of wiping is very important.  If you have an active yeast infection in surrounding areas,  it is even more important to make sure that you wash with warm soapy water.  As may be expected, preventing fecal content from coming into contact with the urethra will always be one of the most important preventative measures you can take against yeast infection.

Diets That Reduce Yeast Infection Risks

yeast infection diet

Diet rich in green salad helps to overcome yeast infection in urinary tract

Even though the immune system cannot effectively combat infections in the urethra and bladder, it is still very important to prevent yeast pathogens from multiplying in other areas of your body.  In many cases, a diet rich in legumes, brown rice, and leafy green vegetables will be of immense benefit. You may also want to consume yogurt or vegan alternatives that feature live cultures.  This is especially important to consider if you have been taking antibiotics and need to restore good bacteria that normally inhabit the intestines.

According to a study published in the Postgraduate Medical Journal, maintaining a sufficient level of non-pathogenic bacteria in the intestines and urogenital tract is very important. This particular study indicates that consuming probiotics may be very important for women that want to avoid recurring infections in the urinary tract as well as the vagina.  Aside from consuming cultures found in yogurt, there are also probiotic available in other food sources.

When you see a doctor for a UTI infection, you may discover that the infection is actually caused by yeast.  Under these circumstances, you should carefully review hygiene and dietary habits in order to find places where you can limit sources of infection as well as help your body fight them more effectively.  At the very least, once you learn how to avoid yeast infection in urinary tract, you can also have peace of mind knowing that you will reduce your chance of getting them in other regions of the body.

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How to Treat UTIs in Toddlers?

Even though most adults will recover easily enough from UTIs, a urinary tract infection in toddler can be life threatening.  In fact, even after a toddler recovers from a UTI, it is very important to find out the extent of renal scarring.  Unfortunately, even speedy diagnosis and rapid treatment with antibiotics will not prevent damage that will last for a life time.  In severe cases, a single UTI in a toddler may even lead to complete kidney failure.

Treatment Types During a UTI Infection

urinary tract infections toddler

Wet diapers may stimulate  developing of uti in toddlers

Overall, most UTIs in toddlers will be treated with antibiotics.  Depending on how quickly the infection is discovered, antibiotics may be given right at home. Unfortunately, if your child is not yet potty trained, finding out about UTIs may be harder, since the child may not be able to tell you about bladder symptoms. In addition, wet diapers will always serve as a breeding ground for bacteria.

In the article What Are The Signs of UTI In Children? there are listed most common symptoms of urinary infections in children and toddlers.

If the child is vomiting, or has a fever, hospitalization may also be necessary.  Aside from using injectable antibiotics, toddlers may also receive hydration or other IV medications in order to manage other aspects of patient care.

Post Infect Follow Up and Treatment

Once toddlers finish taking antibiotics, it may still be a few weeks before these medications clear out of their system.  Therefore, doctors will usually wait to perform imaging studies and other tests to check for renal scarring.   According to a study published by the Paediatric Shared Care Programme, approximately 2.5 out of 1000 children will suffer from UTI during their first years of life.  Of those children, 3 – 12% will wind up on dialysis during early adulthood, and may wind up needing a kidney transplant.

A Note About UTI Prevention in Toddlers

As parents struggle to do the best for their children, it should come as no surprise that they will look to all kinds of antibacterial products in order to avoid contamination as much as possible.  On the other hand, it is also very important to realize that far too many bacteria that cause UTIs have developed antibiotic resistance. While an adult will survive a few days wait while urine is cultured, the case is very different for toddlers.  Therefore, if you want to do as much as you can to protect your children from UTIs and other diseases, teaching proper washing methods with regular soap and water represents your best bet.

No matter how hard you try, your child may still come in contact with bacteria that will lead to a UTI.  While modern medicine can do many things to treat the initial infection, extensive follow up care may be required.  Therefore, when it comes to finding ways to prevent urinary tract infection in toddler, looking to improved hygiene will always be important.

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What are Special Cautions for Treating UTIs in Elderly Persons?

When it comes to treating a urinary tract infection in elderly people, you may be surprised to find that the main difficulties don’t always come with sensitivity to medications. Rather, lifestyle habits and the capacity to perform certain tasks can make it virtually impossible to prevent a recurring UTI.  That said, if you are an elderly person, or a caregiver, you can keep a few common issues in mind, and then look for ways to resolve them.

Incontinence and Mobility

According to the National Institute of Health, holding urine in can create a nutrient rich environment for bacteria to grow. Unfortunately, as elderly people find it harder to move around, they also tend to hold in urine more often.  This, in conjunction with a tendency towards incontinence can create a situation where antibiotics will fail to treat a urinary tract infection in elderly people.  It is also important to note that wearing adult under garments may not be of much help, since bacteria from the infection will still be in close proximity to the skin.

Finding Out About Active Infections

As people get older, it may become harder to alert caregivers to the fact that a UTI may be developing.  In fact, according to a study conducted by Martha-Sund Levant RNT, in Scandinavia, caregivers must be active in looking for signs of infections in elderly people. In this particular study, 21 nurse assistants were specifically asked to increase monitoring for signs of infections in elderly patients.  They concluded that not waiting for elderly patients to report symptoms resulted in a significantly reduced time between onset of symptoms and treatment.  Since bladder infections can move rapidly up the ureters and into the kidneys, even a few days can be critical to an elderly person.  This is especially important to consider if the patient is diabetic, or has other health problems that increase the risk of kidney damage.

Even if you are not currently taking care of an elderly person, or have no elderly family members living nursing homes, it is very important to be aware of the impact of UTIs on an aging body.   For example, even though you may not hesitate to discuss UTI symptoms with your doctor now, that may change as you get older.   Perhaps it can best be said that as people age and begin to experience incontinence or other problems, avoiding doctors becomes more common place.  At the very least, you can give these matters some though, as well as be aware of the risks associated with UTIs on elderly people. As an added bonus, once you know more about the impact of reduced mobility, it will become much easier to manage a urinary tract infection in elderly people.

References:
National Institute of Health


What are the Early Symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Infection?

Even though you may never have suffered from a lower urinary tract infection, you will most likely recognize the symptoms if they happen again. That said, it is still important to realize that doctors make a distinct difference between UTIs that affect the urethra and bladder, and those that affect the kidneys.  Since bladder infections can easily travel to the kidneys and do serious harm, you may find that doctors will want to conduct some extra studies in order to learn more about why the infection keeps coming back.

Lower uti

Soap and water – best solutions for preventing lower uti

Basic Symptoms

Most people that have a lower urinary tract infection experience burning and pain while they urinate.  Some may also notice redness or soreness around the urethra.  Interestingly enough, the need to urinate more often may also occur before these symptoms set in. If you notice that you are not excreting as much during each visit to the bathroom, it may be a good indicator that an infection is present in the bladder. Some people may also notice abdominal pain as a feeling of pressure or fullness in the bladder even after urination.

Risk Factors

According to the National Institute of Health, there are several health issues that can increase your risk of developing a UTI that settles in the bladder or urethra.  These conditions include pregnancy, diabetes, kidney stones, and intestinal incontinence.  If you tend to sit too much, get too little exercise, or have a previous history of catheter placement or urinary tract surgery, you may also find that one instance of infection can easily become a recurring problem.

It is very important to note that UTIs can also indicate an increased risk for developing bladder cancer.  A study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology reveals that patients with bladder cancer were twice as likely to have 3 or more UTIs during their lifetime than those who had fewer or no UTIs.  This is very important to consider if you are concerned about the long term impact of UTIs on your health.  Unfortunately, at this time it is not clear whether tumor risk is associated with alterations in cells caused by exposure to bacteria, or medications used to treat the infection.

While urinary tract infections can be treated by antibiotics, that does not mean you should remain oblivious to their symptoms, or long term implications.  For example, many people believe that a bladder infection is relatively harmless if it does not reach the kidneys. On the other hand, once people learn that a lower urinary tract infection can point to a long term risk of bladder cancer, it gives each person in this situation a better chance to request appropriate screening.

Photo by Horia Varlan


Candida UTI – How to Detect That you Suffer from Candida

Even though many UTIs are caused by bacteria, a Candida urinary tract infection is actually caused by a fungus. Candida and bacterial infections are similar in the sense that the infectious pathogen may already exist in low levels in your body.  That said, you will find that symptoms caused by Candida are a good bit different from those caused by bacterial pathogens. In fact, you may even be surprised to find that most fungal infections occur being treated for a bacterial UTI, or after various procedures that focus on the urogenital system.

Symptoms of Candida as a Primary Infection

If you have a Candida urinary tract infection in the bladder or urethra, you may not notice a burning sensation as you would with a bacterial urinary tract infection.  Rather, you may experience itching, as well as white discharge in the urine. While some people also notice an increased need to use the bathroom more often, others may not feel this, or other symptoms.  In a similar way, many people do not realize that a fungal infection has spread to the kidneys until they see blood in the urine. Unfortunately, by that time, the fungus may have begun colonizing the ureters, as well as developed into fungal balls that cause all kinds of blockages in the urinary tract.

Things to Know About Candida as a Secondary Infection

As you may be aware, the body has a number of immune system sells and other mechanisms for eliminating fungal infections.  When patients take antibiotics, have a catheter inserted, or undergo invasive tests of the urethra and bladder, Candida fungal spores can easily multiply and become a full scale infection.  In fact, a study published in Oxford Journals indicates that there is a direct link between the increased usage of antibiotics to treat a wide range of diseases and secondary outbreaks of Candida. No matter whether you took antibiotics for a respiratory infection, or some other issue, you will need to watch for signs of Candida overgrowth for several weeks after treatment is completed.

Individuals that contract bacterial infection can tell you that the UTI symptoms are so unpleasant, it is difficult, if not impossible to ignore them. While initial symptoms of a Candida infection may be far less disturbing, the long term consequences can be just as severe. No matter whether you wind up with fungal balls blocking the ureters, or kidney scars, you may wind up needing to take other antibiotics as well as undergo other types of treatment if the damages are extensive.   As may be expected, if you do not want to wind up with a Candida urinary tract infection, you will do what you can to avoid any and all situations that may lead to their outbreak.

References:
Fisher, John F, Candida Urinary Tract Infections—Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Treatment: Executive Summary, Oxford Journals, Vol 52, Issue Supl 6.


Can I Get a UTI in Public Place: Pool, Beach or Hotel Room?

If your doctor tells you that you have a UTI, you may find yourself wondering how you got infected.  Even though most urinary tract infections are caused by the transfer of e.Coli via stool from the rectum to the urethra, others bacteria are not transmitted in the same way.   For example, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, and other bacteria can be picked up in any type of public setting where the urethra comes into contact with a transmission medium.

Before you start reading, you might find useful the article Is Uti Contagious? and know more about the ways to get infected.

UTI is contagious

Urinary tract infection are contagious

Now, let’s see how you can avoid UTIs from Pools, Whirlpools, and Beaches

When you visit a public pool or beach, most facilities recommend taking a shower before and after entering the water. Researchers are increasingly finding that using anti-bacterial wipes will not protect you from a wide range of illnesses, including urinary infections. For example, University of Michigan researcher Allison Aiello conducted a summary study that indicated washing properly with regular soap and water was far more effective than using an antibacterial wipe.

Before you even consider swimming or entering a whirlpool, you may also want to ask about recent chlorination dates.  Since it takes 3 – 5 days for chlorine to kill off all the bacteria in the pool, it may not be a good idea to enter the water in that time frame. This is especially important to consider during the weeks when pools are being filled the first time for the season.

How to Avoid Getting UTIs in a Hotel Room or Public Bathroom

Even if a toilet seat appears dry, there are no guarantees that bacteria aren’t lurking.  You should always be sure to flush the toilet, wipe down the seat, and then use a toilet seat liner before sitting down.  Aside from reducing the risk of getting a UTI, you will also reduce the risk of coming into contact with viruses that cause colds and other ailments.

Once you are done using the toilet or urinal, it is also very important to wash. According to National Institute of Health guidelines, you should  always wipe away from the urethra instead of towards it.   Individuals that have personally dealt with UTIs can also tell you that it is very important to pat the urethra dry instead of wiping to prevent the spread of bacteria.  After that, use warm soapy water, and then once again pat skin dry instead of wiping.

As you may be aware, most people will get at least one urinary tract infection during their lifetime. Unfortunately, once bacteria colonize the bladder and urethra, they can easily evade the immune system, and then cause a whole new infection.  At the very least, if you avoid risky behaviors in public places, you will have a better chance of getting a UTI, as well as getting re-infected after a previous round.

References:
Dunn, Rob, Scientific American, Scientists Discover That Antimicrobial Wipes and Soaps May Be Making You (and Society) Sick, July 5, 2011, http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/
Photo by juicyverve


12 Products You Should Avoid If You Are Suffering From Symptoms Of Uti

If you are suffering from a urinary tract infection, you already know most of the unpleasant symptoms of UTI. Some of them may drive you nuts and bereave your life of enjoyment and comfort. Even though urinary infection is not directly evoked by foods or other products, consuming some of them may lead to increasing the intensity of its symptoms. Take a look at the list of 12 products to avoid, if you are suffering from a UTI. These include foods and some OTC products to avoid in your daily use.

Before you start reading you might find interesting the article “What Is The Right Diet For Treating Urinary Tract Infection?

Foods and other products to avoid:

Symptoms of uti products to avoid

Sugar, soda, alcohol and spices must be avoided when suffering from symptoms of uti

1. Sweets

The truth is that you are not the only sweet tooth. The bacteria, which cause a UTI, such as E.coli, for instance, also love sugar. They feed on it and if you consume much sugar, especially refined one, you feed your own enemies. They start feeding on the sweets and grow immensely. This only boosts your UTI condition with all of its unpleasant symptoms.

2. Acidic foods

These foods are not good for you, if you experience bladder symptoms of UTI. Acidic foods, such as tomatoes or oranges may irritate your bladder and increase the intensity of pain and other bladder UTI symptoms.

3. Hot foods

Spicy or hot foods may also irritate all your urinary tract organs and lead to more intense UTI symptoms.

4.  Alcohol

It gets removed from your body through urine and irritates your urinary tract.

5. Red meat

Red meat is one of the foods that turn your body pH balance into acidic.

6. Pastries

White flour pastries should be avoided, as they are rich in sugar.

7. Coffee and other stimulants

8. Cigarettes

9. Genitals hygiene chemical products

These products can significantly increase the irritation in your urinary tract. They may also evoke allergies.

10. Antiseptic soaps

These products kill your natural flora in the urinary tract and genitals. By this they provide a free space for pathogenic (bad) flora to grow and cause infection. They leave you with no natural defense.

11. Dairy foods

12. Sodas

For one, soda drinks are extremely rich in sugar. So, they boost the growth of bad bacteria. Plus, they break down your pH balance and make you more vulnerable. Besides, most soda drinks contain a huge amount of chemicals, such as colors, preservatives, etc.  They all negatively affect and irritate your urinary tract.

Hopefully, this list of 12 foods to avoid would help you to make a healthier choice. Picking the right products to consume you can cope with your symptoms of UTI and prevent most UTIs in the future. Keep in mind that you should also drink up lots of water to flush your urinary tract and keep yourself UTI free at all times.

Photo by TMAB2003


Who Is More Predisposed To Having Uti?

Even though urinary tract infection is pretty common in men, women and children, there are some categories of people, who are much more predisposed to having a UTI. Let us take a look at some risk factors and on some biological characteristics that make some people more vulnerable to infections in urinary tract than others.

– Women

According to medical science data women are much more predisposed to get infected, then men. Such state of things is conditioned by the differences in urinary tract characteristics of men and women.

uti

Women are much more predisposed to having uti

Women have much shorter urethra. Male urethra reaches up to 8 inches on average, while female urethra is only about 1,5 inches long. This allows bacteria to enter bladder and other urinary tract organs more easily and cause inflammation there.

Moreover, oftenly women get self infected with urinary tract infections. This may be caused by improper hygiene. If faecal bacteria get into genitals and urinary tract organs, they start multiplying there and cause inflammation.

Another way women oftenly get infected with UTIs is through sex. Frequent change of sexual partners exposes their genitals and urinary tracts to new flora, which eventually causes inflammation.

– Men with prostate diseases

Prostate is an important immune system organ for men, which produces a certain liquid used by their bodies to prevent infections. This liquid slows down bacteria growth in urethra. However, if prostate malfunctions or gets enlarged, it may lead to urinary tract infection. Being enlarged, prostate causes pressure on the urethra. It hardens the process of urinating. This prevents the urethra from being flushed properly and allows bacteria to freely multiply in it.

Thus, an urinary infection in men may be a sign of more complicated health problems, such as enlarged prostate or even prostate cancer.

– Children (especially girls)

Children are also commonly predisposed to developing urinary tract infections. In little girls such infections may be caused by improper hygiene. With the invention of disposable diapers UTIs in girls has ceased to be such a problem. Still, mothers need to learn the basic rules of hygiene for girls and teach girls these rules from the very early age.

Again, getting infected with faecal bacteria is the most common cause of urinary tract infections in girls. Such a simple thing as wiping from front to back may greatly reduce the risks of developing UTIs in girls and women.

– People with frequent change of sexual partners

This is one of the most common ways to catch an infection for adults (both men and women). Every time you change your sexual partner, you get exposed to new and potentially pathogenic flora of your new partner. That is why many women experience recurring symptoms of urinary tract infection after the intercourse.

As you may see, there are certain groups of people, who are more predisposed to developing a UTI, than others. Knowing these facts may help you to prevent getting these infections.

References:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urinary_tract_infection
http://www.umm.edu/
Photo by SCA Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget


What Is The Best Recurrent UTI Treatment Solution?

First, it has to be mentioned that recurrent UTI is the major problem for young women. They rarely concern men. In many cases, such UTIs are caused by bacteria or by poor or improper hygiene. They may also be caused by use of various chemical cleaners in the genital area of the body. Let us take a look at some possible solutions for treating recurrent urinary tract infections.

recurrent uti

Recurrent uti is the major problem for young women

Basically, dealing with recurrent infections in women, there are two ways to go about the problem. It all really depends on how often a woman gets UTIs. If she has only up to 4-5 episodes per year, then a doctor may choose to prescribe antibiotics. Every time you get UTI symptoms, you just go ahead and start a 3 day antibiotic course treatment. You do not have to consult your doctor every time you do that.

Usually, when you get your first UTI, you’d go through a 3 day antibiotic treatment course. But, the second urinary  infection episode should be treated with at least 7 day antibiotic course.

However, such treatment has to be prescribed by the doctor. And, they have to run all the tests first. These tests help to determine the cause of your UTI. They also find out which bacteria are causing the infection and which antibiotic they are sensitive to.

In the article Chronic Uti – 10 Simple Rules To Follow In Order To Ease The Pain you will find about home solutions that can be used to lessen symptoms of uti.

Lots of women start having recurrent urinary tract infections after changing a sexual partner or after the intercourse with their regular partner. In this case, the treatment has to differ from the above mentioned. As a rule, doctors would also run tests and find out what is causing the UTIs. Then they prescribe low doses of antibiotics to be taken after each intercourse. Such treatment aims to prevent the upcoming infection symptoms.

Another way of prophylactic is to take antibiotics regularly over long periods of time. As a rule, this treatment is used when infection keeps coming back more than 5 times per year. That is when patients are prescribed to take low doses of antibiotics several times a week or after each intercourse. This treatment aims at preventing UTI from coming back and going up your urinary tract. You see, most UTIs are found in the lower urinary tract organs, such as the urethra or bladder.

The real problems start, when a UTI comes up to the kidneys. This is a dangerous situation and it may have many bad health consequences. That is why all UTIs should not be left untreated. The problem with treating UTIs is that bacteria get used for antibiotic treatment and become insensitive to it. If this happens and your antibiotic treatment fails to produce any results and rid you of UTI symptoms, your doctor has to run more tests and find a new antibiotic to treat your recurrent UTI.

References: http://www.patient.co.uk/doctor/Recurrent-UTI.htm
Photo by gcoldironjr2003


How To Prevent UTI: Learn Here 4 Important Rules

Urinary tract infections often affect adults, both men and women. However, according to medical statistic, women are more vulnerable to get infected. People suffering from a UTI may experience some unpleasant symptoms, such as pain and burning sensation during urinating. Plus, some urinary infections may lead to significant negative consequences for your health. All these are very good reasons to learn 4 important tips on how to prevent UTI.

1. Water

To understand the ways of UTI prevention, you should also understand what are the factors that increase the risks of getting infected. Most urinary tract infections are caused by E. coli bacteria. These are pathogenic bacteria, which dwell in our urinary tract. When they multiply, they cause irritation and inflammation. In small quantities these bacteria cannot cause any significant problems.

However, to start multiplying, they need to be able to stick together with other bacteria in the urinary tract or to the walls of the urinary tract. If you do not provide your body with enough of clean water, you urinary tract does not get flushed well. This way, you create favorable conditions for the bacteria to multiply.

That is why drinking up is one of the essential UTI prevention factors. It helps you to urinate more frequently and the water makes your urine less thick. All this helps to flush out bacteria from your urinary tract.

2. Nutrition

The above mentioned bacteria mainly feed on sugar. So, cutting out this nutrition source for them is one of the answers to the question How to prevent UTI. This means, you should cut down the amount of sugar, especially refined one, in your diet and substitute it with natural sugars.

3. Proper hygiene

Most of the pathogenic bacteria, which cause UTI in women get into their urinary tract due to improper hygiene. Teaching young girls some simple hygiene rules can prevent UTIs. One of the ways to do so is to train girls to wipe from front to back. This way no fecal bacteria get into your genitals and urinary tract.

Another hygiene rule is not to use any chemical cleaners inside your genitals. Once these substances get inside your urinary tract, they cause severe irritation there. This irritation eventually leads to inflammation and UTI with all its unpleasant and painful symptoms.

The best way to clean your gentle areas is to use baby liquid soap for it. Or, just use the clean water to wash your genitals to prevent any chemicals from getting into your urinary tract.

4.Sex

How to prevent uti

You can get a uti from your partner

Frequent change of sexual partners is one of the frequent Uti causes. Every time you have sex with a new partner, you get exposed to his or her micro flora. These new bacteria get into your urinary tract and may cause urethra inflammation, which is one of the UTI types.

Hopefully, these 4 tips on how  to prevent UTI would help you to keep yourself health and avoid dealing with urinary tract infections and its symptoms.

References: http://www.livestrong.com/article/236431-diet-to-prevent-uti/
Photo by o5com


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