How to Treat UTIs in Toddlers?

Even though most adults will recover easily enough from UTIs, a urinary tract infection in toddler can be life threatening.  In fact, even after a toddler recovers from a UTI, it is very important to find out the extent of renal scarring.  Unfortunately, even speedy diagnosis and rapid treatment with antibiotics will not prevent damage that will last for a life time.  In severe cases, a single UTI in a toddler may even lead to complete kidney failure.

Treatment Types During a UTI Infection

urinary tract infections toddler

Wet diapers may stimulate  developing of uti in toddlers

Overall, most UTIs in toddlers will be treated with antibiotics.  Depending on how quickly the infection is discovered, antibiotics may be given right at home. Unfortunately, if your child is not yet potty trained, finding out about UTIs may be harder, since the child may not be able to tell you about bladder symptoms. In addition, wet diapers will always serve as a breeding ground for bacteria.

In the article What Are The Signs of UTI In Children? there are listed most common symptoms of urinary infections in children and toddlers.

If the child is vomiting, or has a fever, hospitalization may also be necessary.  Aside from using injectable antibiotics, toddlers may also receive hydration or other IV medications in order to manage other aspects of patient care.

Post Infect Follow Up and Treatment

Once toddlers finish taking antibiotics, it may still be a few weeks before these medications clear out of their system.  Therefore, doctors will usually wait to perform imaging studies and other tests to check for renal scarring.   According to a study published by the Paediatric Shared Care Programme, approximately 2.5 out of 1000 children will suffer from UTI during their first years of life.  Of those children, 3 – 12% will wind up on dialysis during early adulthood, and may wind up needing a kidney transplant.

A Note About UTI Prevention in Toddlers

As parents struggle to do the best for their children, it should come as no surprise that they will look to all kinds of antibacterial products in order to avoid contamination as much as possible.  On the other hand, it is also very important to realize that far too many bacteria that cause UTIs have developed antibiotic resistance. While an adult will survive a few days wait while urine is cultured, the case is very different for toddlers.  Therefore, if you want to do as much as you can to protect your children from UTIs and other diseases, teaching proper washing methods with regular soap and water represents your best bet.

No matter how hard you try, your child may still come in contact with bacteria that will lead to a UTI.  While modern medicine can do many things to treat the initial infection, extensive follow up care may be required.  Therefore, when it comes to finding ways to prevent urinary tract infection in toddler, looking to improved hygiene will always be important.

Photo by Yeshe